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By United Press
MANZANAR, Cal., March 24.Alien Japanese and Japanese-Americans began working in their Owens Valley resettlement community today as a reception center for 60,000 Pacific Coast Japanese to be moved inland for the duration of the war.
One thousand of them, the first large contingent to evacuate Southern California coastal defense areas, arrived at the reception center last night by train, bus and automobile accompanied by a military escort. They will prepare facilities for the thousands more to come.
After their arrival they
were registered by Army officers and assigned to houses and barracks provided
by the Government. They were told they could not leave the 5000-
One hundred Japanese, who preceded the newcomers Saturday, had erected prefabricated houses and gave the evacuees a rousing welcome. All Japanese here now left the coastal areas voluntarily.
David Hayashi, 23, who drove a produce truck loaded with baggage up here Saturday and again yesterday, expressed surprise at the growth of the reception center over the two days he was gone.
When we arrived Saturday, he said, there was only one barrack completed and the siding up on another. Now there are 28 built and ready to move into and another dozen will be ready tomorrow.
Supper was served Army fashion. It consisted of mulligan [stew] and rice, beans and bread. Officials then distributed bedding.
Work began today on various projects around the settlement. Unskilled workers will be paid $50 a month and skilled workmen will get $94, with $15 a month deducted for subsistence.
Authorities expect that
the community eventually will be self-
Manzanar is the former site
of a fruit-
The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power has started cleaning out old irrigation ditches west of the center to provide water for farms and gardens. The diversion from the aqueduct, at least for the moment, is incidental. A complete sewage disposal plan also is under way.
To guard the military reservation in which the center is located, there will be a battalion of 500 military police.
Owens Valley residents, at first fearful and resentful of the economic and social implications of the concentration program, are becoming reconciled to the project and are co-operating to their utmost.
The Manzanar reception center
will be a self-
Prefabricated houses of various sizes will carry out the Armys assurance that families will not be separated.
From this elevation of 3700 feet the Japanese evacuees will enjoy, if they feel that way, some of the most magnificent scenery in the United States.
The camp is at the base
of Mt. Whitney Range, whose topmost pinnacle, 14,496 feet above sea level
Off to the southeast is
Death Valleys Badwater, 273 feet below sea level
The San Francisco News
March 24, 1942